Bleeding Gums: What’s the cause?

Did you know that your mouth provides important clues about your health and bleeding gums is an important sign that you may not have healthy gum tissue? If you are experiencing bleeding gums, you should pay attention to what that symptom might indicate about your oral care or oral hygiene habits. Read these five common reasons for bleeding gums and start making changes today.

Contact Dr. Marra at Huntersville Family & Cosmetic Dentistry with questions or concerns about your gum health and treatment options. If your gumline bleeds after making these changes, please make an appointment with Dr. Marra. Prolonged issues with bleeding gums can be a symptom of a more serious health issue.

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Using a hard bristle toothbrush.

Don’t make the mistake of thinking that a hard or firm bristle toothbrush when brushing your teeth is a more effective way of preventing inflammation of the gumline. Firm bristles are more likely to wear away tooth enamel and your gums, especially if you apply a lot of pressure when brushing. Give your gums some TLC and switch to a soft bristle brush.

Changing your flossing habits.

If you have neglected your flossing routine for a while, you may notice bleeding when you start again. After a week or two your gums should toughen up and the bleeding should go away.

Taking certain medications.

Certain drugs, both over-the-counter and prescription, increase the chance that your gums will bleed. Consult your family doctor or Dr. Marra at Huntersville Family & Cosmetic Dentistry if you think your medication is causing a side effect. Remember to notify your dental hygienist of any changes in medication before a having your teeth professionally cleaned.


Bleeding gums can be a sign of gingivitis, the first stage of the periodontal disease known as gum disease. Commons signs of gingivitis include red swollen gums at the gumline and tender gums that often bleed when brushing or gums that recede or pull away from your teeth.

Pregnancy gingivitis.

Hormonal changes during pregnancy can cause gingivitis. Fluctuating hormones change how an expectant mother’s body responds to bacteria in the mouth, leading to swollen gums that bleed easily when brushing or flossing. After delivery, the symptoms should dissipate. A dental cleaning and consistent brushing and flossing should prevent the problem from getting worse.

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