What is a Dental Extraction?
A dental extraction is the removal of a permanent tooth. There are two types of extractions, simple and surgical. A simple extraction is the removal of a tooth that can be easily seen inside the mouth. Generally, this option is used if there is too much damage to a tooth for it to be repaired. If an extraction is required, Dr. Marra will numb the area with an injection of anesthetic, loosen the tooth with a tool called an elevator and remove it with forceps. A surgical extraction is a bit more complicated, as it is used if the tooth has not broken through the gums into the mouth or if It has broken off near the gum line. This option can also be used for the removal of wisdom teeth. In that case, you will receive intravenous anesthesia, or general anesthesia, dependent upon your needs. Next, a small incision is made in the gum, and Dr. Marra will remove the tooth. Sometimes, some bone around the tooth may also have to be removed.
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Of course, there are many other reasons why you may need to have a tooth extracted:
- Extra teeth are blocking other teeth in the mouth from growing in
- Baby teeth may not fall out on their own in time for permanent teeth to begin growing in
- Gum disease may loosen teeth over time, requiring extraction
- Complete dentures need to be made and you still have some teeth left in your mouth that need removed
- Infection that cannot be fixed by a root canal or antibiotics
After Extraction Care
If your extracted tooth was a permanent tooth, Dr. Marra and his team will recommend replacement of the tooth to avoid shifting of the teeth, problems with chewing and general discomfort. To care for the extraction site at home, a very gentle salt-water rinse should be used 24 hours after surgery to keep the wound clean. To alleviate pain and discomfort, use an ice pack on your face and take any nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories.