Periodontal Disease: Things to Know for Healthy Gums
Oral health is not only about taking care of teeth, periodontal disease or gum issues can also hamper oral hygiene. The American Dental Association found that around 78% of US adults and 82% of children are suffering from some form of periodontal issues. There are several things you need to know about gum disease to maintain your oral health.
What is Periodontal Disease?
Both gums and bones support your teeth. Any infection in the gums leading to a pathological inflammation is periodontal disease or gum disease. Gum tissue is also known as periodontal tissue. Therefore, infection or inflammation of those tissues is known as periodontal disease. Poor oral hygiene is one of the primary reasons for this problem.
The two most common forms of periodontal issues are Gingivitis and Periodontitis.
This is the infection or inflammation of the gum tissue. You will find these infections at the neck of your teeth. Redness at the gum edges, swelling, and bleeding gums are the most common signs of Gingivitis.
Children suffer from this issue more than any other dental problems. Gingivitis can affect people in both acute and chronic forms. Specific microorganisms or stress cause the acute phase, whereas the chronic phase happens due to plaque build-up.
This dental issue involves infection and inflammation of both gums and bones. As the disease progresses, it forms periodontal pockets between the teeth and gums. If untreated, the problem can cause both tooth loss and loss with a severe impact on oral health. Systemic disease progression may initiate chronic periodontal damage.
What Causes Periodontal Disease?
Poor Oral Health
Poor oral hygiene is the main reason for gum diseases. There are billions of bacteria and other microorganisms in our mouth. When they mix with saliva and other food particles, it forms a sticky substance that causes bacterial plaque. If not removed or cleaned, bacterial plaque will damage both gum and teeth enamel. If the plaque hardens, it can turn into tartar, which is more damaging than plaque.
After oral hygiene, the next leading cause of gum diseases is smoking. Too much nicotine will cause infections and blood circulation issues on the gums. Carcinogenic agents in cigarettes can initiate numerous gum diseases, including oral cancer.
Diabetes is responsible for a wide range of gum diseases. Diabetes makes any infection painful and prolonged. Moreover, diabetes medicine hampers the saliva flow in the mouth leading to periodontal problems.
You should be concerned if you see any of these symptoms in your mouth.
- Swollen and reddish gums
- Long-lasting bad breath
- Severe pain while chewing
- Weak and loose teeth
- Teeth sensations
- Exposed teeth or receding gums
Tips to Prevent Periodontal Disease
Preventing periodontal disease involves good oral hygiene and a healthy lifestyle. Follow these tips to avoid gum diseases.
- Brush your teeth regularly
- Use dental floss before you brush. If you are not a fan of dental floss, you can use special brush
- See your dentist annually for a professional cleaning and check-up to remove plaque and tartar.
- Avoid smoking to prevent gum disease and other medical problems
- Quit drinking or reduce alcoholic and carbonated beverages
- Boost your immune system with foods filled with antioxidants
Treatment of Periodontal Diseases
Periodontal disease treatment includes both surgical and nor-surgical procedures. Surgical procedures involve flap surgery or pocket reduction, bone or tissue grafting, insertion of protein that stimulates tissue generation, and tissue generation.
Several non-surgical procedures can minimize the infection and inflammation and control gum diseases. The processes include scaling, antibiotic treatment, and root planting.